When painting figures (for example, from 1 to 10) it develops a color perception, fine motor skills, attention, diligence and accuracy, mathematical ability. Such tasks are connected to the process logic of painting, allow to fix the basic math skills or letters.
There is no artist, who would buy their children coloring books or taught to paint pictures. What does this mean? Coloring is a kind of framework, hindering the development of the imagination. They contribute to the formation of habits of the finished drawing, in which a flight of fantasy and free creativity is almost impossible.